The benefits of sage as a food supplement
Sage comes from around the Mediterranean. The pharaohs already used it as food and medicine. It contains antioxidants and rosmarinic acid, which is said to contribute to its neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory action. The use of sage is known to treat functional digestive disorders and excessive sweating. Depending on the pain to relieve, the recommended dose of sage varies. For this reason, your doctor will be able to refer you to the dosage that best suits your needs. Note that its consumption is not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, or for people suffering from epilepsy.
Digestive problems, excessive sweating, flushing
- Dried leaves. Infuse for 5 to 10 minutes from 1 g to 3 g of dried leaves in 150 ml of boiling water. Drink 3 times a day.
- Tincture (1:10). Take 25 drops, 3 times a day.
- Liquid extract (1: 1). Take 1 ml to 3 ml, 3 times a day.
- Dry extract (5.5: 1). Take 180 mg to 360 mg, 3 times a day.
The optimal dosage has not been established, as it has varied during the tests, as has the type of treatment (dried leaf capsules, leaf extract, essential oil). In one of these trials, capsules were used providing 300 mg to 600 mg of dried sage per day
Warning. Continuous intake of sage essential oil internally should be done under the supervision of a trained aromatherapist.
Inflammation of the gums, mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, pharynx and throat
- Gargle or brush the affected parts with an infusion: 2 or 3 drops of essential oil in 100 ml of water or 5 ml of liquid extract in 100 ml of water, 3 times a day. This infusion can also be used when wearing a denture causes gum pain.
Already known in the time of the pharaohs, the sage has crossed centuries and continents as well as food that like drug. Its sovereign properties to promote digestion and treating mucosal infections were already known to the ancient Greeks. This same medicinal use is also part of Ayurvedic medicine (India) which uses for this purpose some local species of sage. Pliny the Elder (Greek antiquity) reported that it could improve memory.
At the time of the great plague epidemics in Europe, the sage was one of the components of the famous “four thieves vinegar” known to protect against this disease. It is, still today, often associated with other plants for the preparation of various remedies: syrups, decoctions, infusions and ointments.
- Memory. In a double-blind placebo trial, an extract from sage (tincture) equivalent to about 1 g of sage per day slightly improved the cognitive performance of patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. This 4-month study was carried out in Iran on 49 subjects suffering from mild to moderate cognitive impairment. The authors also observed that sage can reduce patient agitation.
Four other trials by a team of British researchers focused on healthy subjects (120 subjects in total): the results indicate that sage, in the form of a dried plant capsule, extract of leaves or essential oil , can stimulate certain aspects of memory short-term when taken before taking a test. It also reduced the stress and improved the mood some participants. During these trials, the effects of the plant varied depending on the dosage.
- Pharyngitis. In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of 286 patients, sage effectively relieved pain caused by pharyngitis (inflammation of the pharynx and throat) of viral origin. The researchers used an aqueous liquid extract (15%) applied using a spray bottle. In a recent comparative study of 154 subjects with acute pharyngitis, a combination of Echinacea and Sage was as effective as a conventional treatment (spray containing chlorhexidine and lidocaine) for pain relief. Sage, on the other hand, has been shown to be less effective than a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (benzydamine hydrochloride) in relieving postoperative pain caused by ablation of the tonsils or adenoids.
- Genital herpes. In a comparative study of 149 subjects, an ointment combining extracts of sage and rhubarb proved to be as effective as an ointment based on acyclovir (classic medicine) to heal lesions caused by cold sores . The ointment containing only an extract of sage was a little less effective than the other 2 products (healing took on average one more day).
- Commission E of Germany recognizes the use of sage to relieve functional digestive disorders and excessive sweating (internal route) as well as to treat inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and throat (external route). ESCOP recognizes it in addition to specific indications for inflammations of the pharynx, gums and mucous membranes of the mouth. In Germany, the effectiveness of sage infusion is also recognized for treating inflammation caused by wearing dentures and as a supportive treatment for inflammation of the gastrointestinal mucosa.
During the 1930s, a series of studies were conducted demonstrating the action antiperspirant sage. A German awareness study, conducted in 1989 with 80 people suffering from excessive sweating, indicates that a dry aqueous extract (440 mg / day) was as effective as an infusion (4.5 g / day) in attenuating sweating. In a 1998 study of 30 women known to Italy, Italian researchers concluded that an extract containing sage and alfalfa could relieve hot flashes due to menopause.
Rosmarinic acid contained in the plant contributes to its anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective action. Its polyphenolic compounds, including derivatives of caffeic acid, give it an antioxidant action, while the polysaccharides contained in its leaves have a regulating effect on the immune system.
- Prolonged use of sage essential oil or alcoholic extract may be toxic for the nervous system due to its thujone content: risk of seizures.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
- People with epilepsy.
- None at recommended dosages.